Pentagon – Research

Temperature color chart of flame

Comment: Color chart showing the different temperatures associated with different colors of flame, fire.

Nuclear bunker buster

Fig. 2 The Pentagon has a growing collection of high precision conventional weapons capable of defeating hardened targets. In this sled-driven test, the GBU-28 laser guided bomb with its improved BLU-113 warhead penetrates several meters of reinforced concrete.

Comment: This kind of bunker buster either using DU or using a nuclear warhead was used to punch a hole in the walls of the WTC Twin Towers. Note how the bunker buster can be precision-guided into the target. The picture shows a concrete barrier several meters thick being penetrated. The WTC walls were made of steel and glass. They formed a kind of mesh.

Comment: This picture shows a press vehicle that was hit by a missile fired from an Israeli UAV during the Lebanon-Israel war in 2006. The precision of the hit is evident in this picture. It is with the same precision that the WTC towers were hit. The missiles that penetrated the walls of the WTC towers had special electronic fuzes that allowed for a high degree of precision in the firing of the missiles with regards to timing and location.

Pentagon video 1

Dailymotion: Judicial Watch Pentagon crash 1 out of 2

Comment: The plane hits at about 1:34 minutes. In a similar way, the plane that hit the Pentagon was consumed by the explosion caused by ordnance on the plane and fired from it a short time after it hit the Pentagon. You can see the same kind of fireballs that were seen in the Twin Tower plane hits.

Pentagon video 2

VIDEO: Judicial Watch Pentagon video 2 out of 2  Dailymotion

Comment: The plane impacts about 17 seconds into the video. Once again ordnance fireballs are seen.

Flash of ordnance

Caption: The small-diameter bomb is a 250-pound class munition, providing the warfighter with a four-fold increase in weapons per aircraft station. It can penetrate more than 13 feet into a target and can be accurate from up to 70 miles away.

Comment: Look at the ordnance flash. Colors seen in this flash are white, yellow and orange. These colors reflect the high temperatures of the fireballs. The materials that burn in an explosion have high temperatures at which they vaporize. The white color is the highest temperature, next yellow, then orange and lastly red. [Include temperature chart of burning materials or steel] This flash looks like the one seen when the planes crashed into the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. On these occasions, the flashes were seen just as the planes hit or were about to hit the buildings.



The colors of the fireball show that this is a fireball of ordnance detonation.

Comment: The almost white flame of the fireball right after the plane crash shows that ordnance is involved.

Fireball of an ordnance explosion

Comment: Ordnance fireballs have characteristic white shades.

Whitish-yellow flash of bomb

VIDEO: Flash of a bomb  Dailymotion

VIDEO: Wall-breaching bomb  Dailymotion

White flare shoots out from the fireball

The law of equal and opposite forces is illustrated here. A streamer shoots out from the fireball explosion by the blast. Note the white flare in this picture. A white flare appears because of the chemicals in the explosive that give off a white flash when they are oxidized.

Comparison of four crashes


WTC 1 plane crash WTC 2 plane crash Pentagon plane crash Pennsylvania plane crash
Fireballs present
Explosions heard
Radioactivity detected No Information available
Volume of plane debris small
Entry hole small
Plane got “swallowed up”
Bodies “vaporized”
Seismic activity detected
Plane disintegrated
Black boxes not recovered Both recovered but CVR had “no useful information” (damaged or erased) Recovered

Bombs on the planes – pressure-sensitive fuzes?

Hard Target Smart Fuse (HTSF)

The Hard Target Smart Fuze enables precision bombs with penetrating warheads to detonate at a desired point inside buried or reinforced concrete targets such as underground bunkers and command centers. Detonation occurs after a sensor tells the fuse that the weapon has passed through a pre-programmed number of hard layers or voids in the target.

One of the newest weapons in the Air Force’s arsenal of hard target penetrating bombs is the AFRL Munitions Directorate-developed Advanced Unitary Penetrator (AUP), equipped with the Hard Target Smart Fuze. [..] The HTSF, designated the FMU-157/B, is an active decision-making accelerometer-based fuzing system capable of counting layers and voids (floors), as well as calculating distance traveled. When the weapon reaches the pre-determined floor it tells the bomb to explode. The HTSF is compatible with a variety of penetrating warheads.

The Hard-Target Smart Fuze [HTSF], developed at the Wright lab, is a microcontroller-based, in line fuze designed to be physically and electrically compatible with GBU-10, GBU-15, GBU-24, GBU-27, GBU-28, AGM-130, and general purpose MK-80 series weapons. The HTSF was designed for current and future penetrator weapons to define the fuze function point as either a desired distance within a desired void or a depth of burial beneath a hard layer. It operates in one of three modes: hard-layer detection, void detection, and path-length integration. It also has an adjustable backup time delay that is set in 1-msec increments with a maximum delay of 250 msec. The HTSF uses a void sensing technique to count layers within a structure to initiate fuze function, a depth of burial mode that causes the fuze to function a preset distance after it senses a hard layer, and an integral time delay backup.

Proximity fuze

Img: URL: Caption: A proximity fuze


Proximity fuzes

Proximity fuzes cause a missile warhead or other munition (e.g. air-dropped bomb or sea mine) to detonate when it comes within a certain pre-set distance of the target, or vice versa. Proximity fuzes utilize sensors incorporating one or more combinations of the following: radar, active sonar, passive acoustic, infrared, magnetic, photoelectric, seismic or even television cameras. These may take the form of an anti-handling device designed specifically to kill or severely injure anyone who tampers with the munition in some way e.g. lifting or tilting it. Regardless of the sensor used, the pre-set triggering distance is calculated such that the explosion will occur sufficiently close to the target that it is either destroyed or severely damaged.

Remote detonators

Remote detonators use wires or radio waves to remotely command the device to detonate.

Eyewitness accounts of the Pentagon plane crash

Of the over 100 eyewitness accounts in Eric Bart’s compilation, many describe a perception that the large jet crashed into the Pentagon’s wall, although many add that the event seemed surreal or movie-like.

Steve Anderson — from 19th floor office in USA TODAY building in Arlington
“Then it dawned on me what was about to happen. I watched in horror as the plane flew at treetop level, banked slightly to the left, drug it’s wing along the ground and slammed into the west wall of the Pentagon exploding into a giant orange fireball. Then black smoke. Then white smoke.”

Donald R. Bouchoux — in car on Washington Blvd along side of Pentagon
“The aircraft crossed about 200 yards [should be more than 150 yards from the impact] in front of me and impacted the side of the building. There was an enormous fireball, followed about two seconds later by debris raining down. The car moved about a foot to the right when the shock wave hit.”

Penny Elgas — “The plane seemed to be floating as if it were a paper glider and I watched in horror as it gently rocked and slowly glided straight into the Pentagon. At the point where the fuselage hit the wall, it seemed to simply melt into the building. I saw a smoke ring surround the fuselage as it made contact with the wall. It appeared as a smoke ring that encircled the fuselage at the point of contact and it seemed to be several feet thick. I later realized that it was probably the rubble of churning bits of the plane and concrete. The churning smoke ring started at the top of the fuselage and simultaneously wrapped down both the right and left sides of the fuselage to the underside, where the coiling rings crossed over each other and then coiled back up to the top. Then it started over again — only this next time, I also saw fire, glowing fire in the smoke ring. At that point, the wings disappeared into the Pentagon. And then I saw an explosion and watched the tail of the plane slip into the building.”

Albert Hemphill — from window of Naval Annex
“He was slightly left wing down as he appeared in my line of sight, as if he’d just ‘jinked’ to avoid something. As he crossed Route 110 he appeared to level his wings, making a slight right wing slow adjustment as he impacted low on the west side of the building to the right of the HELO, tower and fire vehicle around corridor 5. What instantly followed was a large yellow fireball accompanied by an extremely bass sounding, deep thunderous boom.”

Lincoln Liebner — running toward a Pentagon entrance
“I was close enough that I could see through the windows of the airplane, and watch as it as it hit. There was no doubt in my mind what I was watching. Not for a second. It was accelerating. It was wheels up, flaps up, engines full throttle.”

Lincoln Liebner — running toward a Pentagon entrance
“I was about 100 yards away. You could see through the windows of the aircraft. I saw it hit. The plane came in hard and level and was flown full throttle into the building, dead center mass. The plane completely entered the building. I got a little repercussion, from the sound, the blast.”

William Middleton — from is street sweeper in Arlington Cemetary
“… the plane was no higher than the tops of telephone poles as it lurched toward the Pentagon. The jet accelerated in the final few hundred yards before it tore into the building.”

Vin Narayanan — sitting in traffic adjacent to Pentagon
“The tail of the plane clipped the overhanging exit sign above me as it headed straight at the Pentagon. The windows were dark on American Airlines Flight 77 as it streaked toward its target, only 50 yards away. The hijacked jet slammed into the Pentagon at a ferocious speed. But the Pentagon’s wall held up like a champ. It barely budged as the nose of the plane curled upwards and crumpled before exploding into a massive fireball.”

Mary Anne Ownes — on road next to Pentagon
“The plane slammed into the west wall of the Pentagon. The impact was deafening. The fuselage hit the ground and blew up.”

Christine Peterson — on road adjacent to helipad
“It was so close that I could read the numbers under the wing. And then the plane crashed. My mind could not comprehend what had happened. Where did the plane go? For some reason I expected it to bounce off the Pentagon wall in pieces. But there was no plane visible, only huge billows of smoke and torrents of fire.”

Frank Probst — in the construction yard outside Pentagon
“I saw this plane coming right at me at what seemed like 300 miles an hour. I dove towards the ground and watched this great big engine from this beautiful airplane just vaporize. It looked like a huge fireball, pieces were flying out everywhere.”

Noel Sepulveda — in the Pentagon parking lot
“You could hear the engines being revved up even higher. The plane dipped its nose and crashed into the southwest side of the Pentagon. The right engine hit high, the left engine hit low. For a brief moment, you could see the body of the plane sticking out from the side of the building. Then a ball of fire came from behind it. An explosion followed.”

Tony Terronez — from car on road adjacent to Pentagon
“This huge WHOOSH! And something made me look in my rearview mirror and by the time I looked up I saw the side of the Pentagon explode. I was stunned. It was just so surreal, like something out of a movie, like Die Hard. The side of a building just exploded! As the fireball got higher and higher, you saw this debris go up in the air.”

Tim Timmerman — from 16th floor apartment
” … and as is went … by the Sheraton Hotel, the pilot added power to the engines. I heard it pull up a little bit more, and then I lost it behind a building. And then it came out, and I saw it hit right in front of — it didn’t appear to crash into the building; most of the energy was dissipated in hitting the ground, but I saw the nose break up, I saw the wings fly forward, and then the conflagration engulfed everything in flames.”

Mike Walter — sitting in traffic on northbound 27
“And I saw it. I mean it was like a cruise missile with wings. It went right there and slammed right into the Pentagon. Huge explosion, great ball of fire, smoke started billowing out.”

Comment: These eyewitnesses’ reports lead to the conclusion that there was a plane that crashed into the Pentagon. The reports dismiss the “no planes” theory. There are also reports of the plane disintegrating before or as it hit the Pentagon. There are reports of a fireball and a loud booming explosion. The plane accelerated in the moments before it hit the Pentagon according to a few eyewitnesses.

Explosion caught on video

This video has been removed.

White flash first and then orange fireball

In this sequence the blinding white flash appears before the orange fireball. The white flash is evidence of an incendiary bomb being detonated.

South Tower fireball

Notice the white smoke, the yellow-white flash in the fireball and the glowing debris that is white-hot on fire shooting outwards and downwards. All these things point to an incendiary bomb being detonated right after the plane crashed into the perimeter wall of the tower.

Pentagon crash analyzed

The path of the missile

Comment: The track made by the missile is a very long one – it passes through three layers of the Pentagon section consisting of six reinforced concrete walls before making its exit through the internal wall of the C-ring layer. A plane made of relatively weak, thin and light aluminium alloy skin could not have made that kind of track through six thicknesses of concrete walls. Note the roundness of the hole, consistent with the roundness of the missile’s conehead.

The exit hole of the missile

The hole in the C-ring of the Pentagon. If the nose cone of the plane had punched this hole it would have been found intact; if the nose cone had been strong enough to make this opening, it would not have broken up into bits after smashing through. The only thing that could have made this hole in the 24-inch thick wall was a missile. A missile can explode after it travels some distance. This is what happened in the crash of Flight 77. The missile tore its way through 6 walls of 24-inch thicknesses then exploded. What is seen in the debris are the remains of the missile and the contents of the offices behind that wall.

Comment: Another view of the inner wall of the C-ring where the exit hole made by the missile appears. You can see that the missile had to penetrate six 24-inch thick walls to end up exiting where it did.

Video of the Pentagon plane crash

VIDEO: Judicial Watch Pentagon video 2 out of 2  Dailymotion

Comment: Same video as above. The crash occurs about 16 seconds into the film. This is Film 2 of 2 films that Judicial Watch obtained through the Freedom of Information Act.

The thickness of the Pentagon’s newly renovated walls

Comment: The walls of the newly renovated Pentagon were 24 inches thick and consisted of 10 inches of concrete, 8 inches of brick and 6 inches of Indiana limestone. The walls were designed to withstand an attack such as a plane impact or bomb. The floor was made of 5.5 inches of concrete.

F-4 Phantom jet crash test

VIDEO: F4 Phantom crashing into a concrete wall  Dailymotion

The plane crash of the Twin Towers should have been similar to this crash. In this video the barrier is made of reinforced concrete and is made to simulate the walls surrounding a nuclear reactor. The Twin Towers’ walls were made of steel. The steel barrier would have stopped the plane from entering so that most of it would have fallen to the ground outside in large pieces. The Pentagon walls were made of reinforced concrete and was 24 inches thick and the plane running into it should have bounced off it and broken apart outside like the Phantom jet instead of ‘slipping inside’.

The video commentary: “Time for a new test using an F-4 Phantom jet. The US government wanted to test what would happen if a plane crashed into the concrete walls of a nuclear power station. The jet sets off, bolted to a track to prevent take-off. It’s doing 500 miles an hour. The plane atomized with the impact. It just disappeared into dust. Only the tips of the wings escaped total destruction. But the wall designed to move and absorb energy did its job well. When dealing with nuclear material no test can ever be too drastic.”


Comment: This image shows the relative sizes of the plane and the rings of the Pentagon. Supposedly the nose of the plane punched holes through six concrete walls each 24 inches thick to reach the corridor between the C-ring and the B-ring. Only a missile could have made a trajectory through 144 inches (12 feet) of concrete, brick and limestone.

In the video above of the F-4 Phantom jet crashing into the reinforced concrete wall designed to withstand the impact of a plane crash, the jet disintegrates on impact and does not manage to penetrate the wall. The wall in the test appears to be less than 12 feet thick. It looks as if it’s about four feet thick. The F-4 Phantom jet approaches the wall at 500 mph.

The plane’s approach

Comment: The plane is supposed to have penetrated 12 feet of concrete, brick and limestone to reach the spot marked by the orange dot in the picture above which indicates the exit hole in the inner wall of the C-ring.

Plane’s location and direction of impact

The area of fire doesn’t tally with plane’s impact zone

Comment: The area of fire doesn’t tally with the plane’s impact zone because the fires were caused mainly by the ordnance that was shot out from the plane a split-second before the plane made its impact on the Pentagon. There were probably also charges placed in the newly-renovated section of the Pentagon that were designed to go off once the plane made impact with the Pentagon. These charges caused a pattern of fire different to what you would expect from the plane causing the fires.

Fires uniformly across the central wedge

Comment: The fires occur uniformly across the wedge.

A raging fire in a non-impacted area

Impact is asymmetrical but the fire damage is symmetrical

The arrows are pointing to burned-out areas. Obviously fires of equal intensity raged in these two areas although the right area was the only area impacted by the plane. This pattern of fire can only be explained by bombs being the cause of the fires. Incendiary bombs were planted in this section, introduced during the renovation. The renovation of this section (the only section to have completed renovations by the time the attacks of 9/11 occurred) gave the perpetrators an opportunity to conceal these bombs and there is a high likelihood the timing of the renovation of the Pentagon was part of the overall plan.

Something in this section the perpetrators wanted to destroy. There was a reason this wedge was chosen as the target of the planes. Destruction of papers in this section by bombs would not have raised eyebrows as everyone would assume the damage was caused by the plane impact and the fires resulting from the impact. The plane crashing into the Pentagon acted as a smoke screen.  This wedge held the offices of the civilian accountants who were investigating the missing Pentagon trillions. The day before 9/11, Rumsfeld told a news conference that 2.3 trillion was unaccounted for in the Pentagon budget. The news media never followed up that story and the news became buried by the reporting of the 9/11 attacks.

Uniform pattern of damage of central wedge


An aerial view of the Pentagon shows how uniform the pattern of damage is although the plane’s impact on the wedge was not symmetrical.

There is a raging fire far from the point of actual impact. These fires were started by the detonation of numerous incendiary bombs concealed within this wedge of the Pentagon during renovation. Because the placement of the incendiary bombs was uniform the pattern of fires that occurred in the wedge was uniform, affecting the wedge in a symmetrical fashion. The plane’s impact was not symmetrical. It entered the right side of the wedge at an angle. The perpetrators or parties to the conspirators who had some foreknowledge and participated in the cover-up of the real nature of the attacks counted high-level personnel of the Pentagon staff a including the then Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, who in effect performed the function of sayanim (assistants of Mossad).

Uniform pattern of burns damage

The target of the attack: the central wedge

Comment: The target of the attack was this particular wedge. The fire damage in this wedge is symmetrical and uniform though the direction of the impact of the plane crash was at angle to the perpendicular and should have produced a pattern of damage that was not uniform or symmetrical.

Comment: Another view of the wedge that was damaged in the attack. You can see a badly burned area on the left side of the E-ring and D-ring even though the plane did not impact that area.

The fire damage extends far beyond the area of the plane’s impact.

The mainstream media misdirects the public

Comment: The graphic by Washington Post misrepresents the nature of the attack. It shows the plane made an impact perpendicular to the external wall of the E-ring and that it hit it almost at the center of the wedge. However, the plane did not strike the Pentagon in this way. The plane approached the Pentagon at an angle to the wedge and hit the Pentagon on the right side of the wedge (looking at the Pentagon from the outside). The plane did not fly over the helipad. The plane’s path was wide of the helipad. See the graphic by TIMES staff above.

Another misleading article from the mainstream media that shows the plane striking the middle of the center segment head-on instead of showing it approaching the Pentagon at an acute angle and impacting the center wedge off-center.

The clean shearing off of this section suggests bombs

Comment: The clean shearing of this section suggests bombs. Charges were placed in such a way as to explode and damage the central wedge of the Pentagon that was the target of the attack. A plane cannot be reliably depended on to cause the desired pattern of damage so bombs were utilized by the perpetrators to cause the damage and make it look like the plane did it.


A close-up view of the shearing-off of a section of the wedge is shown here. Bombs cause such a neat precise pattern of damage. A second explosion(s) were heard after the plane crashed into the Pentagon. This explosion has been caught on tape. The explosion that witnesses heard was that of the bombs being detonated inside the wedge to simulate damage caused by a plane.

Video of second explosion

VIDEO: Second explosion Pentagon, FOX, 10 10, 9 11  Dailymotion

An anchor is talking about the WTC attacks and a loud BOOM is heard.


“Michael, Michael, if you can hear me .. We just heard another explosion down at the Pentagon building … we just heard another loud explosion down at the Pentagon building just seconds ago.”

” …  That’s Audrey Barnes who’s standing nearby the Pentagon saying they heard another .. Audrey, did you see anything flying overhead just before this explosion?”

“We .. we can’t see exactly where the source of this explosion was but you could hear it very clearly with a loud BOOM and I’m looking for another plume of smoke, I don’t see anything right now. It might still be in the same general area where the fire is burning right now but you could clearly hear another loud explosion.”

Another report says the boom heard was the sonic boom of a fighter jet that was scrambled right at that time.

Interior fires attest to bombs inside


The facade held up for a while before it collapsed

The image shows the clean shearing of the section. The cleanliness of the shearing is due to the fact that bombs caused the shearing.

Small size of debris in the plane crash – echoes of Shanksville

No large pieces are seen among the debris littering the lawn. The biggest pieces appear to be part of the aluminium skin of the fuselage and an engine part.

These pieces are all that remained of the plane after ordnance detonation. You can also see the thinness of the aluminium-alloy skin of the Boeing plane. The skin crumpled like paper tissue on making impact with the Pentagon exterior wall. But according to the authorities the plane or the nose of the plane cut through twelve feet of concrete, brick and limestone to reach the corridor between the B ring and the C ring.

More small pieces of the plane. The plane was obliterated. The bodies of five people killed in the attack were never identified indicating the completeness of the destruction.

The remains of five people killed in the terrorist attack on the Pentagon were damaged beyond identification in the massive explosion and fire after a hijacked airliner crashed into the building’s west side, officials said. [..]

“They exhausted all scientific leads,” said Army Maj. James Cassella, a Pentagon spokesman. “When all was said and done, they weren’t able to identify all of them.”

A team of more than 100 workers at a military morgue at Dover Air Force Base in Delaware used several methods to identify remains but primarily relied on DNA testing and dental records. They formally ended their effort Friday after concluding that some remains were too badly burned to identify.

Plane’s path and trajectory inside the Pentagon do not correlate

The trajectory of the damage trail inside the Pentagon and the plane’s trajectory before it hit the Pentagon as indicated by the damage trail outside the Pentagon do not match. The angle of the plane’s trajectory before it hit the Pentagon is more acute relative to the surface of the Pentagon wedge that was hit than the angle of the trajectory of damage inside the Pentagon. The discrepancy in the angles can be explained by showing that the plane was not responsible for the majority of the trail of damage within the Pentagon, and that this trail of damage was produced by the missile that had been fired from the plane a split-second before the plane made contact with the Pentagon.

The missile torpedoed in the route indicated by the shorter red line. This line does not align with the longer red line which represents the plane’s path as calculated from the path of destruction (damaged light poles) it left. What happened is that the plane’s nose impacted the Pentagon while setting off a split-second later the missile that was attached to the belly of the plane. The missile fired into the Pentagon, tearing an entry hole that allowed parts of the plane to enter it and also making an exit hole after penetrating twelve feet of concrete, brick and limestone. Other ordnance within the building also detonated then and later (accounting for a second very loud explosion caught on tape) causing fires and damage to the wedge and later causing partial collapse of the wedge as well as destroying the plane further.

Comment: The missile traveled from the entry hole to the exit hole quite some distance away and passing through twelve feet of concrete, brick and limestone.

The relatively undamaged area of impact

Comment: The area of damage is surprisingly small. This is because much of the plane did not make it inside the Pentagon building but bounced off it. The entry hole was made by the missile that was fired from the plane just a split-second before the plane hit the Pentagon, creating an opening for the fuselage of the plane to enter. Once the fuselage had entered, the plane was destroyed by incendiary bombs that had been previously planted in strategic locations within the building.

The section of the Pentagon that was hit by the plane. The amount of damage is relatively small because most of the plane was blown up before it had a chance to do much damage. There is abundant charring of the frontage and the reels in front of the Pentagon however; this is fire-damage mostly from the incendiary explosives that destroyed the plane.

Comment: In this image, the circled area of the Pentagon in the center of the picture shows and intact bar.

Comment: This is another picture that shows the intact vertical bar.

The impact hole is very small. The entry hole was made by the missile punching through. Such was the force of the missile torpedoeing through the wall that even though the hole was small and the wall held up for some time, the force of the missile weakened the structure of the 24-inch wall and combined with the pressure of the thousands of gallons of water sprayed on top of it, caused the structure to collapse. Even so, it collapsed in an intact fashion. It is as if the roof caved in.



Here you can see the relatively intact outside wall of the Pentagon. There is only a small opening where the plane impacted. The wall stood up for a long time. In the top right picture you can see that the exterior wall is still standing even after some time has passed and the fire is almost extinguished.

Compare the color of the smoke from the diesel fire on the right (from the diesel generator that was hit) with the color of the smoke on the left (ordnance smoke plume).

“Hani Hanjour’s” target from a birdseye view


Striking the side of the Pentagon at a horizontal plane with the belly of the airliner only several meters above the lawn is quite a feat even for an ace pilot. For a computer, this is relatively easy. There is no doubt the plane was under electronic control when flown and that a homing device had been placed in this newly renovated section of the Pentagon. That is why striking this wedge was crucial and why the plane made a 330 degree turn in order to do so.

A more realistic scenario


Comment: The true extent of the penetration of the plane’s fuselage and nose. But authorities say that the nose and fuselage penetrated six two-foot thick walls and made an entry hole in the C-ring inner wall.

Lack of significantly-sized plane debris


Comment: In typical plane crashes there are recognizable relatively intact parts of the plane. But in all the plane crashes that occurred on 9/11, the plane involved was almost virtually completely destroyed and there were very few recognizable plane parts found. The reason for this is that ordnance was involved in each crash and the purpose of the ordnance was to destroy the planes as much as possible in order to destroy the crime scene of the plane to prevent investigation of the crime scene.